Guatemala’s Zero Hunger plan reports stunting reductions
As part of his “National Agenda for Change”, Guatemalan President Otto Perez Molina vowed in 2012 to tackle malnutrition through his National Zero Hunger Pact, or Pacto Hambre Cero. The implementation of the Strategic Plan for Food Security and Nutrition (PESAN) was operationalized from 2012-2016 as the Zero Hunger Plan, in which the President committed to reducing chronic malnutrition in children under five years of age by 10 percent by the end of 2015.
The Zero Hunger Plan prioritizes 166 municipalities, and is implemented by a broad multi-sectoral group of stakeholders, including the Guatemalan government, the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement, World Food Programme, World Vision International and other UN and civil society organizations, including funding from the Inter-American Development Bank.
Guatemala recently presented results of the 2nd Survey of the Evaluation of the Impact of the implementation of the Zero Hunger Plan. The second survey was conducted in 2013 and another baseline survey was conducted in 2012. Impact indicators as stunting of anemia have been considered, as well as intermediate indicators in sectors like agriculture & food security, water & sanitation, social protection or investments in infrastructure (i.e. access to electricity).
Results are positive in the 166 municipalities prioritized by the Zero Hunger Plan in children under 5, in 12 months (2012-2013):
- Reduction of average stunting rate: 1.7 % (from 59.9 to 58.2%) (while the country had earlier reduced stunting rates by 1.5% in 15 years)
- Reduction of average global under-nutrition rate: 0.6% (from 16.5 to 15.9%)
- Reduction in average anemia rate: 4.5% (from 34.4 to 29.9%)
More information on progress for improved nutrition and impact is available at the Scaling Up Nutrition website. Guatemala is one of 54 countries in the SUN Movement, having joined in December 2010.